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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

MIRANDA, Arnoldo; GOMEZ-GAETE, Carolina  y  MENNICKENT, Sigrid. Role of Mediterranean diet on the prevention of Alzheimer disease. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2017, vol.145, n.4, pp.501-507. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872017000400010.

Type 2 diabetes and obesity are possible risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease and these can be modified by physical activity and changes in dietary patterns, such as switching to a Mediterranean diet. This diet includes fruits, vegetables, olive oil, fish and moderate wine intake. These foods provide vitamins, polyphenols and unsaturated fatty acids. This diet should be able to reduce oxidative stress. The inflammatory response is also reduced by unsaturated fatty acids, resulting in a lower expression and a lower production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The Cardiovascular protection is related to the actions of polyphenols and unsaturated fatty acids on the vascular endothelium. The Mediterranean diet also can improve cardiovascular risk factors such as dyslipidemia, hypertension and metabolic syndrome. These beneficial effects of the Mediterranean diet should have a role in Alzheimer’s disease prevention.

Palabras clave : Alzheimer Disease; Diet; Mediterranean; Diet Therapy; Food.

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