SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.145 número8¿La imagen importa? Influencia de la vestimenta del traumatólogo en la elección y confianza del pacientePropiedades psicométricas del inventario de depresión de Beck IA para la población chilena índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

PETERMANN, Fanny et al. Risk factors associated with hypertension. Analysis of the 2009-2010 Chilean health survey. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2017, vol.145, n.8, pp.996-1004. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872017000800996.

Background:

High blood pressure is one of the major risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease, affecting 27% of the Chilean population in 2010.

Aim:

To determine the risk factors associated with the development of hypertension.

Material and Methods:

Analysis of the database of the 2009-2010 National Health Survey in which 4,901 participants were included. Socio-demographic factors, physical activity, eating habits, well-being and comorbidities were analyzed.

Results:

Women had a lower risk of developing hypertension than men (Odds ratio (OR): 0.69, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.59-0.81, p < 0.01). In both men and women, the risk is greater over the age of 25 years (OR: 2.90, 95% CI: 1.55-5.43, p < 0.01). The risk is greater in subjects who were overweight (OR: 1.61, 95% CI: 1.31-1.98, p < 0.01), obese (OR: 3.18, 95% CI: 2.56-3.95, p < 0.01), or had central obesity (OR: 2.25, 95% CI: 1.85-2.72, p < 0.01). Subjects with a family history of hypertension and diabetes also have a higher risk.

Conclusions:

Identifying the risk factors associated with hypertension allows public health policies to be tailored to its prevention.

Palabras clave : Diet; Exercise; Hypertension; Lyfe Style; Obesity.

        · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )