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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887

Abstract

PENA, Carolina et al. Pseudohypoparathyroidism: report of two cases of late presentation. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2018, vol.146, n.1, pp.116-121. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872018000100116.

Pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) is a group of rare genetic disorders that share organ targeted resistance to the action of parathyroid hormone (PTH) as a common feature. Biochemically, they may present with hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia and elevated PTH. Some forms present with a specific phenotype: short stature, round facies, short neck, obesity, brachydactyly and subcutaneous calcifications, called Albrigth's Hereditary Osteodystrophy (AHO). This spectrum of disorders are caused by several alterations in the gene coding for the alpha subunit of the G protein (GNAS): an ubiquitous signaling protein that mediates the action of numerous hormones such as PTH, TSH, gonadotropins, and ACTH, among others. According to their inheritance with maternal or paternal imprinting, they may manifest in a diversity of clinical forms. Although most commonly diagnosed during childhood, PHP may manifest clinically during adolescence or early adulthood. We report two late presenting cases of pseudohypoparathyroidism. A 21-year-old female with biochemical abnormalities characteristic of pseudohypoparathyroidism who was misdiagnosed as epilepsy and a 13-year-old boy with the classic AHO phenotype but without alterations in phospho-calcium metabolism, compatible with pseudopseudohypoparathyrodism.

Keywords : Calcium Metabolism Disorders; Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostic; Phosphorus Metabolism Disorders; Pseudohypoparathyroidism; Pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism.

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