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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

PALMA, Andrea; ANSOLEAGA, Elisa  y  AHUMADA, Magdalena. Workplace violence among health care workers. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2018, vol.146, n.2, pp.213-222. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872018000200213.

The aim of this review is to describe and to analyze scientific reports about occupational violence in the health area. A systematic review of the literature on Academic Search Complete (EBSCO Host), Medline, Pubmed, Scielo, Scopus and Web of Science was performed and 23 articles were selected for analysis. Most studies are quantitative, measuring workplace violence and its consequences, including multi-stratum samples. They mainly measure psychological and external violence and their subjects are hospital workers. Violence is conceived as coming from organizational dimensions. Facilitators of violence are related to the nature of the job and the most commonly studied consequences are related to mental health. The main consequences of the phenomenon are depressive symptoms, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and work stress. The nature of the job as a facilitator of violence relates primarily to the place of work and to the profession. Most of the studies are carried out with multi-stratum samples and combine workers from different services. However, studies in psychiatric services and with nursing staff are also common.

Palabras clave : Mental Health; Occupational Health; Stress Disorders; Post-traumatic; Workplace Violence.

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