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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

CANO-MONTOYA, Johnattan et al. Effects of a six weeks exercise training program for type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertensive patients. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2018, vol.146, n.6, pp.693-701. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872018000600693.

Background:

There is a wide interindividual variability in the response to a period of exercise training. The science have reported that a minimum of participants could be non-responders for improving different health-related outcomes after training.

Aim:

To compare the effects of a 6-weeks exercise program on body composition, cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension.

Material and Methods:

Data from 23 trained subjects were used in a secondary analysis of the response to exercise. Of these, 14 were considered adherent to training and nine as non-adherent. Body mass, height, waist circumference, four skinfolds and their sum, blood pressure and plasma triglyceride levels were assessed before and after the training period.

Results:

Among adherent participants, significant reductions were observed in the sum of four skinfolds (30 ± 7 to 27 ± 6 mm, p ≤ 0.05), systolic blood pressure (133 ± 18 to 127 ± 20 mmHg; p ≤ 0.05) and plasma triglycerides (125 ± 58 to 102 ± 34 mg/dL; p ≤ 0.05). No changes were observed in weight or diastolic blood pressure. Among non-adherent participants, no changes of measured parameters were observed. Among adherent participants, 57% were considered as non-responders for waist circumference, 7% for the sum of skinfold thickness, 50% for systolic blood pressure, 64% for diastolic blood pressure and 57% for plasma triglycerides.

Conclusions:

Participants with a good adherence to a 6-weeks exercise training program experienced overall improvement in body composition, blood pressure and plasma triglycerides. The prevalence of non-responders varied considerably among measured outcomes.

Palabras clave : Exercise; Diabetes Mellitus, type 2; Hypertension; Risk Factors.

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