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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887

Abstract

NUNEZ-GONZALEZ, Solange; AULESTIA-ORTIZ, Sandy; BORJA-VILLACRES, Edison  and  SIMANCAS-RACINE, Daniel. Mortality due to ischemic heart disease in Ecuador 2001- 2016. A time trend study. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2018, vol.146, n.8, pp.850-856. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872018000800850.

Background:

Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is the leading cause of mortality worldwide.

Aim:

To analyze the evolution of mortality by IHD in Ecuador, from 2001 to 2016.

Material and Methods:

Analysis of Ecuador death registries elaborated by the National Statistics and Census Institute. Specific and age-adjusted mortality rates were calculated for the 2001-2016 period in Ecuador. The annual percent change (APC) and the average annual percent change (AAPC) were estimated. Changes in trends were located through joinpoint regression analysis.

Results:

From 2001 to 2016 there were 46,133 deaths due to IHD in Ecuador, of which 60% (n = 27,489) corresponded to men. In the joinpoint regression analysis, the crude mortality rates for IHD reported an increase in the AAPC of 4.0% (2001-2016, 95% CI: 1.5 – 6.6). Rates adjusted for age increased with an AAPC of 3.2% (2001-2016, 95% CI: 0.7 – 5.8).

Conclusions:

Mortality due to ischemic heart disease increased in Ecuador in the period 2001-2016. Two marked periods were observed, one with a decrease followed by a significant increase, in both sexes and all age groups.

Keywords : Cardiovascular Diseases; Ecuador; Mortality; Regression Analysis.

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