SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.146 número10Alta prevalencia de dislipidemias y riesgo aterogénico en una población infanto-juvenilApoyo social percibido en pacientes con Hipertensión Arterial y Diabetes Mellitus tipo II en Atención Primaria y su relación con autopercepción de salud índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

SALDIAS PENAFIEL, FERNANDO et al. Accuracy of sleep questionnaires for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome screening. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2018, vol.146, n.10, pp.1123-1134. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872018001001123.

Simple but accurate tools should be used to identify patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), aiming at an early detection and prevention of serious consequences.

Aim:

To assess the predictive value of four sleep questionnaires (Berlin, Epworth Sleepiness Scale [ESS], STOP, and STOP-Bang) in the screening of patients with OSAS.

Material and Methods:

The four sleep questionnaires were administered to 1,050 snorers aged 56 ± 15 years (68% males) assessed at a sleep clinic. An overnight unattended respiratory polygraphy was performed to all patients to confirm the diagnosis of OSAS. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the four questionnaires were calculated.

Results:

Eighty four percent of participants had OSAS. The clinical variables associated with OSAS risk were age, male gender, hypertension, overweight, cervical circumference, waist/hip ratio, history of snoring, witnessed apneas and nycturia. Eighty-three, 86, 92 and 46 % of cases were classified as having a high risk for OSAS, according to the Berlin, STOP and STOP-Bang questionnaires and ESS, respectively. STOP and STOP-Bang questionnaires had the highest sensitivity to predict OSAS (88 and 95%, respectively) while the Flemons Index had the highest specificity (82%).

Conclusions:

Sleep questionnaires were able to identify patients with a high risk for OSAS but without accurately excluding those at low risk.

Palabras clave : Diagnosis; Sleep Apnea Obstructive; Surveys and Questionnaires..

        · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )