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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

GUARDA, Francisco J. et al. Hypophysitis and retroperitoneal fibrosis associated with autoimmune polyglandular syndrome and IgG4-related disease. Report of one case. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2018, vol.146, n.12, pp.1486-1492. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872018001201486.

We report a 23 year old woman presenting with a nephrotic syndrome due to minimal change disease, central diabetes insipidus, primary hypothyroidism, vitiligo and universal alopecia. Eleven years later, she presented secondary amenorrhea due to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, with mild hyperprolactinemia and central adrenal insufficiency. A magnetic resonance imaging of the sella turcica showed a pituitary mass with suprasellar extension that was resected using a transsphenoidal approach. Pathology confirmed the presence of a lymphoplasmacytic hypophysitis. She needed a second surgical resection due to mass growth and neuro-ophthalmologic impairment. One year later, systemic lupus erythematosus, arterial hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus were diagnosed. Two years later, due to back pain, constipation and renal failure, retroperitoneal fibrosis was found, satisfactorily treated with glucocorticoids and colchicine. Hence, this clinical vignette shows the coexistence of autoimmune polyglandular syndrome with retroperitoneal fibrosis and lymphoplasmacytic hypophysitis. Tissue analysis showed the presence of IgG4 producing plasma cells in the pituitary and retroperitoneum, which constitute a basis for the diagnosis of IgG4 related disease.

Palabras clave : Autoimmune; Autoimmune Hypophysitis; Hypothyroidism; Polyendocrinopathies; Retroperitoneal Fibrosis; Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease.

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