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Revista médica de Chile

versão impressa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumo

ROSSI, José Luis et al. Depressive symptomatology and psychological well-being among Chilean university students. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2019, vol.147, n.5, pp.579-588. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872019000500579.

Background:

Quality of life and psychological well-being are readily hampered by depression. The changes that students face during college life impact their psychological health and well-being, including the emergence of mental health problems like depression

Aim:

To determine the relationship between depressive symptoms, sociodemographic parameters and psychological well-being in undergraduate university students.

Material and Methods:

Five hundred eighty university students of both sexes, from the Metropolitan and IX Regions of Chile answered the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-IA) and the Ryff's psychological well-being scale.

Results:

Twenty eight percent of respondents had clinically significant depressive symptoms, and these were more frequent in women. There was an inverse and statistically significant relationship between psychological well-being and depressive symptoms. This fact was especially marked in dimensions of autonomy, positive relationships with others and purpose in life.

Conclusions:

There is a high frequency of depressive symptoms among these students. We discuss whether psychological well-being and depressive symptomatology represent two extremes within a continuum or they are two independent dimensions that can account for differential causal mechanisms linked to mental health and illness.

Palavras-chave : Depression; Mental Health; Quality of Life.

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