SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.147 issue7Quality of life among frail older peopleMortality within 30 days of receiving systemic chemotherapy at a regional oncology unit author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google

Share


Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887

Abstract

LEIVA, Ana María et al. Factors associated with falls in older adults in chile. Analysis of the National Health Survey 2009-2010. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2019, vol.147, n.7, pp.877-886. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872019000700877.

Background:

A decrease in functional capacity due to ageing is one of the main risk factors for falls in older people.

Aim:

To investigate factors associated with falls in Chilean older adults.

Material and Methods:

We analyzed the self-reports of falls of 1,334 people aged ≥ 60 years who answered the National Health Survey 2009-2010. Falls during the last 12 months were recorded. Lifestyle, socio-demographic and health status were analyzed. A Poisson regression with robust variance estimates was performed to identify factors associated with falls.

Results:

Falls during the preceding year were reported by 37% of respondents (95% confidence intervals (CI): 32-42]. Fall frequency was higher in women (Prevalence ratio (PR):1.30 [95% CI:1.11; 1.53], p < 0.01) and those aged ≥ 75 years (PR:1.29 [95% CI:1.04; 1.61], p = 0.02). Hearing impairment (PR: 1.31 [95% CI: 1.07; 1.61], p < 0.01), impaired vision (PR:1.46 [95% CI:1.20; 1.77], p < 0.01), low self-reported wellbeing (PR: 1.41 [95% CI: 1.03; 1.94], p = 0.03) and disability (PR: 1.54 [95% CI:1.32; 1.79], p < 0.01) were associated with falls. However, multimorbidity (having ≥ 3 diseases) was negatively associated with falls (PR: 0.79 [95% CI: 0.63; 0.99], p = 0.04).

Conclusions:

Among older people, female sex, being aged > 75 years and having disability, hearing or vision impairment are risk factors for falls.

Keywords : Accidental Falls; Aged; Hearing Loss; Vision Impairment.

        · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )