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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887


PULGAR B., Dahiana; YANEZ B., Nicolás  y  ORTEGA G., Francisco. Mortality within 30 days of receiving systemic chemotherapy at a regional oncology unit. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2019, vol.147, n.7, pp.887-890. ISSN 0034-9887.


The use of systemic chemotherapy has survival and palliation benefits in oncological patients. Mortality at 30 days after the administration of systemic chemotherapy is considered as a quality and safety indicator of oncological patient care. The international mortality threshold is 5%, which is the figure used to compare institutions.


To assess mortality at 30 days after the administration of ambulatory systemic chemotherapy in a regional referral center in adult cancer patients.

Material and Methods:

Retrospective observational study of patients receiving ambulatory systemic chemotherapy in the oncology service of a regional public hospital during 2018. The 30-day mortality rate was calculated. Demographic characteristics, baseline disease and the treatment received were recorded.


During the study period, 690 patients received ambulatory systemic chemotherapy. Chemotherapy was palliative in 76% of patients and 53% received a first line treatment. Seventeen (2.5%) died within 30 days of treatment administration. Nine deaths (52.9%) were definitely related to treatment and sepsis was the most frequent cause.


Our mortality rates are similar to international data. This type of audit reviews local outcomes and identifies factors contributing to mortality aiming to improve standards of care.

Palabras clave : Antineoplastic Agents; Benchmarking; Mortality.

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