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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

PULGAR B., Dahiana; YANEZ B., Nicolás  y  ORTEGA G., Francisco. Mortality within 30 days of receiving systemic chemotherapy at a regional oncology unit. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2019, vol.147, n.7, pp.887-890. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872019000700887.

Background:

The use of systemic chemotherapy has survival and palliation benefits in oncological patients. Mortality at 30 days after the administration of systemic chemotherapy is considered as a quality and safety indicator of oncological patient care. The international mortality threshold is 5%, which is the figure used to compare institutions.

Aim:

To assess mortality at 30 days after the administration of ambulatory systemic chemotherapy in a regional referral center in adult cancer patients.

Material and Methods:

Retrospective observational study of patients receiving ambulatory systemic chemotherapy in the oncology service of a regional public hospital during 2018. The 30-day mortality rate was calculated. Demographic characteristics, baseline disease and the treatment received were recorded.

Results:

During the study period, 690 patients received ambulatory systemic chemotherapy. Chemotherapy was palliative in 76% of patients and 53% received a first line treatment. Seventeen (2.5%) died within 30 days of treatment administration. Nine deaths (52.9%) were definitely related to treatment and sepsis was the most frequent cause.

Conclusions:

Our mortality rates are similar to international data. This type of audit reviews local outcomes and identifies factors contributing to mortality aiming to improve standards of care.

Palabras clave : Antineoplastic Agents; Benchmarking; Mortality.

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