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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

HECHENLEITNER-CARVALLO, Marcela I.; JEREZ-SALINAS, Alejandra A.  y  PEREZ-VILLALOBOS, Cristhian E.. Academic self-efficacy among health care undergraduate students in a Chilean university. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2019, vol.147, n.7, pp.914-921. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872019000700914.

Background:

Self-efficacy refers to people’s expectations about personal resources available for goal achievement. Higher self-efficacy expectations are correlated with higher academic performance.

Aim:

To analyze the psychometric properties of the Academic Behavior Self-Efficacy Scale (ABSES) and to describe Self-efficacy expectations of students from health-related careers.

Material and Methods:

A non-probabilistic sample of 479 first- and second-year students from Nursing, Physiotherapy, Medicine, Nutrition and Medical Technology in a public university in Chile, answered the ABSES. Results were analyzed by Exploratory Factor Analysis and its reliability was evaluated using Cronbach’s alpha. Also a descriptive analysis and a non-parametric relational analysis were performed.

Results:

Two factors were identified: Attention and Participation. Attention obtained significantly higher scores than Participation (p < 0.001). Compared to their second-year counterparts, first year students had higher scores in Attention (p < 0.001) and Participation (p < 0.01). Medicine students had higher scores in Participation than students from other careers.

Conclusions:

A two factor solution was identified for ABSES. Surveyed students had a predominantly passive Self-efficacy, focused in attention. Also, a reduction in self efficacy was noted among second year students.

Palabras clave : Delivery of Health Care; Education, Medical; Self Efficacy; Students.

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