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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

VIO, Fernando  y  KAIN, Juliana. Increasing frequency of obesity in Chile. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2019, vol.147, n.9, pp.1114-1121. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872019000901114.

Background:

An explosive increase in overweight and obesity occurred in Chile since the 90's, without an integrative national policy.

Aim:

To describe the current obesity situation in Chile and its consequences.

Material and Methods:

Analysis of the available anthropometric data obtained by an annual census of anthropometry for students (Nutritional Map) collected by the Ministry of Education, and three National Health Surveys (2003, 2009-2010 y 2016-2017) performed by the Ministry of Health in adults.

Results:

According to the Nutritional Map the prevalence of obesity in 1987 was 7.5% among children of six years of age and increased to 24% in 2018 (8% with severe obesity). At 14 years of age, the frequency of obesity increased from 8 to 15% from 2011 to 2018. In children older than 15 years, overweight and obesity increased from 61 to 74% from 2003 to 2016. In the same period, total obesity increased from 23 to 34% and the frequency of diabetes duplicated from 6 to 12%. The frequency of hypertension did not change, but its prevalence is 45 and 73% after 45 and 65 years of age, respectively.

Conclusions:

The frequency of obesity will continue to increase, producing severe health risks for the population. Public policies addressing both structural and individual aspects are recommended.

Palabras clave : Nutrition Status; Nutritional Surveys; Obesity; Overweight.

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