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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

GONZALEZ-BURBOA, ALEXIS et al. Psychological interventions for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2019, vol.147, n.11, pp.1423-1436. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872019001101423.

Background

Affordable interventions to improve metabolic control of Type 2-Diabetes Mellitus are increasingly necessary.

Aim

To review systematically the existing literature on the effects of psychological interventions on Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus compensation.

Material and Methods

We performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of psychological interventions implemented for Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus patients. Research included the following electronic databases: PubMed, Bireme, Web of Science, SciELO, Embase, EBSCOhost, SCOPUS, Psychology Database.

Results

Most studies showed a decrease in the level of glycated hemoglobin after interventions, which applied different initiatives complementary to standard medical treatment. Mainly, these interventions encompassed training for self-monitoring and control of diabetes based on cognitive behavioral psychology, counseling, self-assessment and physical-spiritual work based on transpersonal psychology.

Conclusions

Psychological tools could be an adjunct to the standard medical treatment for patients with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus, reducing glycated hemoglobin levels and improving self-regulation, disease awareness and adherence from the self-efficacy perception perspective.

Palabras clave : Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Glycated Hemoglobin A; Psychology.

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