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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

LADRON DE GUEVARA H., David et al. Frequency of malignancy in thyroid incidentalomas detected by whole body 18F-FDG PET/CT. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2020, vol.148, n.1, pp.10-16. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872020000100010.

Background:

Thyroid incidentalomas detected by 18F-Fludeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT are defined as an incidental and unexpected thyroid focus present in a patient studied for a non-thyroid disease.

Aim:

To assess the frequency of malignancy of nodular thyroid incidentalomas, and their association with 18F-FDG avidity (standard uptake value (SUV) max).

Material and Methods:

Whole body PET/CT performed from December 2008 to December 2017 were reviewed selecting those that showed nodular thyroid foci. Glands with diffuse increased uptake were excluded. Thyroid ultrasonography and fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) performed after PET/CT were reviewed. Bethesda score and SUVmax were correlated.

Results:

Of 5,100 whole body 18F-FDG PET/CT, 119 showed a thyroid nodular uptake (2.3%). Forty eight percent of these patients were studied with FNAC or surgery, 50% of which (29/58) were confirmed as malignant. Benign nodules showed significantly lower 18F-FDG uptake (n = 20, SUVmax: 3.5 ± 1.7) than Bethesda V-VI (n=24, SUVmax: 8.2 ± 5.2) and thyroid metastases (n=5, SUVmax: 6.3 ± 2.1). The best cut-off value to distinguish between benign and malignant nodules was a SUVmax of 5.0, with a sensitivity of 76% (95% confidence intervals (CI) 56-90%), a specificity of 85% (95% CI 62 - 97%), and positive likelihood ratio of 5 (95% CI 1.8 – 14.6). The size of the thyroid nodule was not predictive of malignancy.

Conclusions:

Half of nodular thyroid incidentalomas detected by 18F-FDG PETC/CT are malignant. A nodule with a SUVmax ≥ 5,0 is highly suggestive of malignancy, regardless of its size.

Palabras clave : Biopsy, Fine-Needle; Positron-Emission Tomography; Thyroid Neoplasms; Thyroid Nodule; Tomography.

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