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Revista médica de Chile

versão impressa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumo

MARTORELL, Miquel et al. Comparison between self-reported and device measured physical activity according to nutritional status. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2020, vol.148, n.1, pp.37-45. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872020000100037.

Background:

It is unknown if nutritional status could influence the accuracy of self-reported physical activity (PA) levels.

Aim:

To compare PA measured using the international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) and by accelerometry (ActiGraph) according to nutritional status in Chilean adults.

Material and Methods:

This is an observational cross-sectional study that used information from the GENADIO project carried out in Chile between 2009-2011. The sample consisted of 322 people. PA levels and sitting time were determined through the IPAQ self-report questionnaire and ActiGraph accelerometers (GTM1). The nutritional status was determined according to body mass index (BMI).

Results:

Compared with the measurement made with accelerometry, the IPAQ self-report questionnaire underestimated the levels of light PA, total PA and sedentary time in −171.5, −54.8 and −40.6 min / day, respectively. However, IPAQ overestimated the levels of moderate PA and vigorous PA in 91.0 and 47.3 min/day respectively, compared with accelerometry. Compared with normal weight, obese subjects reported higher levels of moderate PA (105.5 and 48.9 min/day, respectively) and vigorous PA (54.1 and 38.3 min/day respectively). Total PA had a greater delta of underestimation between IPAQ and accelerometer measurements in normal weight than in obese subjects (-122.1 vs −16.5 min/day, respectively).

Conclusions:

The measurement of PA by means of a self-report questionnaire was discrepant with its objective measurement with an accelerometer. The discrepancy is even higher in obese people.

Palavras-chave : Accelerometry; Exercise; Obesity; Sedentary Behavior.

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