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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

BEHN, Alex et al. Validation of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form in Chile. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2020, vol.148, n.3, pp.336-343. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872020000300336.

Background:

Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF) is an instrument to assess child abuse and neglect Aim: to adapt and confirm the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the CTQ-SF in Chile.

Material and Methods:

The CTQ-SF was applied to 89 clinically depressed subjects (77.5% women) who consulted at an outpatient mental health clinic. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), reliability (Cronbach’s α) tests, and convergent validity analyses with clinical markers of complex depression were carried out.

Results:

The Chilean version of the CTQ-SF demonstrated an acceptable fit to a five-factor model, with adequate psychometric properties. The CFA revealed that a better fit to a five-factor model would be achieved after elimination of two items from the physical neglect scale, the less reliable scale of the questionnaire. The physical abuse scale discriminated between patients with a complex depression versus non-complex depression, and all the CTQ-SF’s scales discriminated between patients with high suicide risk and/or history of psychiatric admissions versus those patients without this background.

Conclusions:

the Chilean version of the CTQ-SF shows evidence of structural and discriminant validity, and reliability, in a clinical sample. Better alternatives to specifically assess the physical neglect construct should be developed.

Palabras clave : Child Abuse; Depressive Disorder; Psychological Tests; Validation Study.

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