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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

HEPP, Juan et al. A proposal of the Chilean Academy of Medicine to improve organ procurement and transplantation in Chile. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2020, vol.148, n.3, pp.381-386. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872020000300381.

The Chilean Academy of Medicine designated a group of specialists to evaluate the practice and to propose reforms for organ donation and transplantation, due to the general insufficiencies at the national level with these procedures. In the last six years the mean number of organ transplants in Chile was 340 cases per year while effective cadaveric donors ranged between 6 and 10 per million inhabitants. These averages remained stable during this period and are among the lowest in the region. Our analysis attributed these deficient results mainly to low organ donation and inefficient procurement due to lack of compliance with protocols and little accountability. The committee proposes several measures for improvement. These are a systematic and obligatory report of potential organ donors by all emergency and critical care centers, frequent evaluation of results, empowering of health authorities to correct insufficiencies in organ procurement, education programs for primary, secondary, technical and university students to improve their knowledge about the social significance and solidarity required for transplantation policies and specialized updated training of all health professionals involved. Organ donation and transplantation must be based on clear and fair ethical considerations in order to be accepted by the general public.

Palabras clave : Organ Transplantation; Public Policy; Tissue and Organ Procurement.

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