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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887


MARDONES, Lorena et al. Total sugar consumption and its association with obesity in Chilean adults. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2020, vol.148, n.7, pp.906-914. ISSN 0034-9887.


Sugar intake is a risk factor for the development of obesity.


To investigate the association between total sugar intake and obesity markers in Chilean adults.

Material and Methods:

This cross-sectional study included 396 participants of the GENADIO study. Anthropometric measurements (body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), waist-to-hip ratio, and % body fat) were measured through standardized protocols. Total sugar intake was determined from a 7-days weighted food daily. Sugar intake expressed in g/day was categorized into quartiles.


Higher sugar intake was associated with a higher BMI, WC and HC but not with body fat %. One quartile increment in sugar intake was associated with 1.50 kg [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.49; 2.50] higher body weight, 0.34 kg/m2 [95% CI: 0.01; 0.69] higher BMI, 1.23 cm [95% CI: 0.11; 2.34] higher WC, 1.39 cm [95% CI: 0.28; 2.50] higher HC and 0.02 the waist-to-hip ratio [95% C: 0.01; 0.02].


Total sugar intake was associated with higher adiposity levels in these Chilean adults.

Keywords : Adiposity; Diet; Obesity; Sucrose; Sugars.

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