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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

GONZALEZ L., Roberto et al. Retention of procedural competences in medicine students after training using a simulation model. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2020, vol.148, n.10, pp.1427-1434. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872020001001427.

Background:

Boot camps are used to acquire skills in simple surgical procedures, such as sutures, in a short period of time.

Aim:

To assess the retention of the procedural skills of medical students who participated in a simulation-based suture workshop.

Material and Methods:

One hundred five medical students were trained using the EPROBA methodology (Entrenamiento PROcedimental BAsico), with prior informed consent. The instrument “Objective Structured Assessment Of Technical Skills” (OSATS) was applied prior to and after the workshop, and during retention module, which was carried out between three and four months after the suture workshop. Participants were classified according to the level of previous knowledge in sutures.

Results:

The students showed significant improvement in their scores after the workshop (improvement from 12.9 to 28.5 points, p < 0.001). No significant differences were found between scores after the workshop and those obtained in the retention module (28.5 to 28.1 points, respectively, p = 0.235). No difference in scores were observed when retention was evaluated according to previous knowledge levels.

Conclusions:

Simulation programs are useful for the acquisition of procedural skills which are retained over time.

Palabras clave : Education, Medical; Motor Skills; Students, Medical; Simulation training.

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