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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

PARRA-SOTO, Solange et al. Cancer in Chile and worldwide: an overview of the current and future epidemiological context. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2020, vol.148, n.10, pp.1489-1495. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872020001001489.

Cancer is a chronic non-communicable disease associated with a high mortality burden. The prevalence of cancer is increasing rapidly worldwide. However, this scenario will be worse in low and middle-income countries such as Chile, where 70% of cancer deaths occur. The aim of this review was to assess the epidemiological scenario of cancer and its projection for the Chilean population. In Chile, 53,365 new cases of cancer were diagnosed in 2018, led by prostate, colorectal, breast, stomach, lung and gallbladder cancer. From 1986 to 2016, cancer increased by 109%. When we reviewed mortality by sex, stomach and prostate cancer were responsible for more than 30% of cancer deaths among men. However, for women the first three places were occupied by breast, colorectal and lung cancer, as in the rest of the world. Considering that 40% of cancers are related to unhealthy lifestyles, working on the prevention of modifiable risk factors represents an opportunity for the creation of public health policies that allow changes at the environmental and individual level.

Palabras clave : Epidemiology; Neoplasms; Mortality.

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