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Teología y vida

versión impresa ISSN 0049-3449versión On-line ISSN 0717-6295


SILVA G., Sergio. La noción de historia en las encíclicas de Juan Pablo II y su continuidad con el Vaticano II. Teol. vida [online]. 2001, vol.42, n.3, pp.292-326. ISSN 0049-3449.

The article starts off from the Fides et Ratio emphatic restatement -"Time has a especial significance in Christianity"- taken from the Tertio Millennio Adveniente, and the looks at the 13 encyclicals of John Paul II in search of his notion of history. This is obviously regarded as a theological notion, well-rooted in the Vatican II. The fundamental affirmation of the faith is that in Jesus Christ, God has come into history revealing Himself as merciful Love. For the Pope, this means that the transcendent God, who drives history, has become immanent in it in the person of Jesus. The historical mission of the Son is extended by the Spirit, who not only vivifies and guides the Church, but also acts outwards its visible limits. Secondly, the article gathers the assertions abut the human mediations of God’s presence in history. That is to say the Church, which finds its model in Mary’s mediation. Regarding the Church and human history relations, the article considers their reciprocal contributions, stressing three affirmations: the inculturation is the condition of the Church-history relation; man is the path of the Church in history; and the priority of truth over freedom and over the escatologic dimension of salvation, in its temporal dimension. Finally, the author systematises the indications regarding the structures involved in the historical mediation of God’s salvific action. Such is the relation of every individual with history; of the signs of the times (set in the inner most diagnosis of the current world situation) and the hermeneutic mediation (linked to the role of tradition). As a conclusion, the article reproduces the encyclical texts of John Paul II which remark that the priority of his pontificate is to carry out the Work of the Council.

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