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Teología y vida

versión impresa ISSN 0049-3449versión On-line ISSN 0717-6295


SILVA AREVALO, Eduardo. Auscultar los signos del tiempo presente e la situación latinoamericana: Esbozo de algunos fenómenos a considerar para una interpretación teológica del presente. Teol. vida [online]. 2005, vol.46, n.4, pp.582-614. ISSN 0049-3449.

In the task of retrieving the most significant aspects of Latin American reality, which a theological interpretation of the historical, concrete present ought to take into account, confronting the question of the installation of modernity on the continent becomes unavoidable. The question, in fact, of a "crisis of modernity" must be understood taking simultaneously into consideration two matters: the crisis that it has provoked in many aspects of traditional culture, including Latin American traditional Christian and ecclesial culture, and the crisis that modernity in itself experiences, stuttering away by trying to add the uncertain prefix "post" to so-called "post-modernity". After recognizing the existence of "multiple modernities"-for other non-occidental cultures are modernizing themselves in their own manner without necessarily reproducing all the traits of European modernity-the question is raised for us by the peculiarities of the Latin American trajectory towards modernity. In order to answer this question, we have to take into consideration the common, current features of that which is being installed (I), and the characteristics of the place in which the installation takes place (II). These are hardly more than a couple of outlines of the questions that we must respectively take into account if we pay attention to the present time, and that we have to consider in attending to the situation of the continent. In regard to the first, we make in this article a rapid sketch emphasizing the processes of economic globalization and of individualization. Regarding the second question, we attend to the traditions that are still alive on the continent, both secular and religious. Precisely these traditions, and among them the fruitful and desirable articulations between Christianity and modernity, are those which can respond to the demanding challenges of the ethos of globalization. The contributions and possibilities that Catholicism offers this modernity and Latin America are analyzed in particular, which would not be possible without a Christianity that rises to the occasion and a modernity with the religious depth that this continent offers (III)

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