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Teología y vida

versión impresa ISSN 0049-3449versión On-line ISSN 0717-6295


ESPINOSA SANTANDER, P. Pedro. ¿Es Chile un país católico? Polémica en torno a un libro del padre Hurtado . Teol. vida [online]. 2005, vol.46, n.4, pp.625-674. ISSN 0049-3449.

When at the end of 1941 Father Alberto Hurtado Publisher his book, "¿Es Chile un País Católico?" ("Is Chile a Catholic Country?"), he especially invited the youth of Catholic Action (Acción Católica) to become acquainted with the real country: What was Chile and its Church really like? Alberto Hurtado, with his characteristic view of an apostle, looked upon Chile with the gaze of Jesus and shook consciences, making many people uncomfortable with his condemnation of the evils corroding the national soul: the misery, injustices, vices, paltry salaries, lack of education, undignified living conditions and, together with all this, the distance of the poor from the Church and the scarcity of priests. For him there existed a pending task that many avoided: to conquer Chile for Christ. The book and its invitation were welcomed with great enthusiasm, especially by young people, but criticisms of it grew severe on the part of the clergy and lay conservatives. For them, Hurtado's vision was dangerously bitter and ignored the labor that the Church, since colonial times, had put into forming the "soul of Chile". The polemics were basically a criticism that turned a deaf ear towards Hurtado, the national counselor for the youth of Acción Católica. This article shows the polemics surrounding the book and its author, the different actors who intervened and the ecclesial significance of the entire process: Was Chile a Catholic country

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