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Teología y vida

versión impresa ISSN 0049-3449versión On-line ISSN 0717-6295


BARRIA IROUME, Cristián. El matrimonio de Tobías y la sexualidad: un estudio psicológico. Teol. vida [online]. 2005, vol.46, n.4, pp.675-697. ISSN 0049-3449.

The book of Tobit from the Old Testament is a novelized narrative that treats of family life, death and sexuality. There is a case of matrimony linked to death: a young woman becomes desperate after having lost successively seven husbands on their wedding nights. God has pity on her, and helps her through an angel. A young man, Tobit, will virtuously save her from the curse. This story has had a profound impact on the concept of sexuality and of Christian marriage in history, associating itself with an attitude of initial sexual moderation (Tobit's nights). This narrative is analyzed in this article by utilizing anthropological and psychoanalytical concepts: the rites of passage; the miraculous healing; the fear of sexual initiation and the notion of the expiatory victim according to R. Girard. It is the story of an ancient people that elaborates religiously its fears before death and sex. Elements of transition from a mythical and archaic magical concept to a more evolved concept of religiosity are found in the text. Its moralizing vision of sex is contrasted with the freer and more optimistic vision of the Song of Songs

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