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EURE (Santiago)

versión impresa ISSN 0250-7161

Resumen

URENA, José M et al. Alta velocidad ferroviaria e integración metropolitana en España: el caso de Ciudad Real y Puertollano. EURE (Santiago) [online]. 2005, vol.31, n.92, pp.87-104. ISSN 0250-7161.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0250-71612005009200005.

Ciudad Real and Puertollano, two small Spanish cities approximately one hour’s travelling time from Madrid on the Madrid-Sevilla High Speed Train (HST) line, are of particular interest in the study of the impact of HSTs on such centres of population. Both cities had been separated from the main transportation corridor between Madrid and Andalusia since the end of the 18th Century and, at the end of 1992, the HST line reintegrated them into this corridor. That same year the Autopista de Andalucía (Andalusia Freeway), whose route runs some 50 kilometres to the east of Ciudad Real and Puertollano, entered into service. The current article has three basic objectives. The first one is to determine the most appropriate type of methodology to analyse the effect produced by an HST ten years after its inception. The second is to describe the observed changes in the mobility patterns of the inhabitants of Ciudad Real and Puertollano. The article concentrates on the employment profile and the frequency of use of those who habitually travel on the HST to and from Madrid. Thirdly, the article analyses the role the HST has played firstly in integrating the two cities with each other, and secondly in integrating both with the metropolitan area of Madrid. It then analyses the distinct effects of each of the two transport routes (freeway and HST) on each of the two cities, paying attention to their economic peculiarities (Ciudad Real being a tertiary city and Puertollano being an industrial one)

Palabras clave : alta velocidad ferroviaria; ciudad de pequeño tamaño; evaluación post-proyecto; efectos sobre la movilidad; efectos territoriales; área metropolitana.

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