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EURE (Santiago)

versão impressa ISSN 0250-7161

Resumo

ABUFHELE, Valentina. La política de la pobreza y el gobierno de los asentamientos informales en Chile. EURE (Santiago) [online]. 2019, vol.45, n.135, pp.49-69. ISSN 0250-7161.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0250-71612019000200049.

Informal settlements in Chile are understood as territorial concentrations of poverty. This understanding has shaped housing policy for informal settlements. However, despite the fact that poverty rates have reduced considerably in the country, informal settlements have not reduced as expected. Building upon Foucault's framework of governmentality, I examine the framing of poverty that has become taken-for-granted today. Through the examination of official state documents and presidential discourses, I trace the concepts used to describe informal settlements between the 1940s and the 1990s. The concept of poverty gains predominance during the military dictatorship (1973-1989) and consolidates as a framing to understand informal settlements only starting from the 1990s. This framing, that I refer to as “the politics of poverty” became instrumental to transform informal settlements into a governable population, from collective and political actions aimed to negotiate access to housing, to individual and de-politicized actions seeking government assistance. The implications of this transformation are discussed.

Palavras-chave : poverty; slums; urban sociology.

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