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Archivos de medicina veterinaria

versión impresa ISSN 0301-732X

Resumen

ISLAS, A. et al. Detection of antibodies against the classical swine fever virus by enzime-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Arch. med. vet. [online]. 1997, vol.29, n.2, pp.213-220. ISSN 0301-732X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0301-732X1997000200006.

Classical swine fever (CSF) is an important worldwide disease. In Chile, it is subject to a control and erradication programme. The objective of the present assay was to standardize an immunoenzimatic technique (CIV-ELISA) that detects antibodies of the IgG type directed against the CSF virus and to compare it with seroneutralization. Twenty hybrid Landrace x Large White pigs with a live weight of 20 kg were used. They were experimentally inoculated with a dose of 100.000 TCID50 of the Quillota virulent isolate of the CSF virus. A four-pig group was vaccinated 14 days before inoculation. Blood samples were taken 3, 6, 9, 12 and 14 days post-inoculation. Serological samples were obtained from 100 sows. The anti-CSF antibodies were determined for a policlonal CIV-ELISA and were compared with a seroneutralization test (serological official test). The CIV-ELISA test did not detect antibodies in the experimentally inoculated pigs until day 14 post-inoculation. However, the positive-sera condition of previously vaccinated pigs was ratified by the seroneutralization test. The sensibility and specificity of the CIV-ELISA was about 90.1% and 76.4% respectively. The CIV-ELISA is an easy-to-apply test and the results obtained are similar to those obtained with seroneutralization

Palabras clave : classical swine fever; diagnosis; ELISA.

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