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vol.33 número2COMPARACIÓN ENTRE DOS TÉCNICAS DE DIAGNÓSTICO PARA DIARREA VIRAL BOVINA (DVB) EN 50 PREDIOS DE LA X REGIÓN, CHILE: SERONEUTRALIZACIÓN Y ENZIMOINMUNOENSAYO INDIRECTO (ELISA-I)*Frecuencia y distribución, según edad y estacionalidad, de patologías hepáticas en salmonídeos, provenientes de la Xª a XIIª Región de Chile. Período 1988-1998. índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Archivos de medicina veterinaria

versión impresa ISSN 0301-732X

Resumen

RONCHI, J.I.; ESTELA, E.S; LEUNDA, M. R  y  ODEON, A. C. Experimental infection with bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) genotype 2 in calves with neutralizing antibodies to BVDV genotype 1. Arch. med. vet. [online]. 2001, vol.33, n.2, pp.185-192. ISSN 0301-732X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0301-732X2001000200007.

The aim of this study was to determine the consequences of the infection of BVDV genotype II (BVDV-2) in calves with preexisting immunity to BVDV-1 (induced by infection with wild type BVDV (Group A, 4 calves), or induced by vaccination with a killed BVDV-1 product (Group B, 2 calves). Group A and B were intranasally exposed to a field isolate of BVDV-2 (25ml x 10-7.8 TCID50/ml). Calves of Group A had erosions on the oral mucosa from 3 to 4 day post-challenge (DPC); moreover, intense salivation, mucous nasal secretion and sporadic diarrhea were observed from 4-14 DPC. Only one calf of Group B had diarrhea at 5 DPC. The average value of peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) previous to BVDV-2 challenge was 8,775 PBL/ml (±603) in calves of Group A and 9,975 PBL/ml (±1308) in calves of Group B. After BVDV-2 challenge there was leukopenia in Groups A and B. The minimal number of PBL of 5,875 PBL/ml (±311) was observed in Group A at 6 PDC (P <0.05). There were differences (P <0,05) in the average of PBL during the 17 DPC among challenged animals and uninfected controls. Moreover, a difference in the number of blood lymphocytes was observed at 6-7 DPC between virus exposed and control calves. BVDV was isolated from ocular swabs of 3 calves of Group A at 13 and 17 DPC and from PBL at 9 and 11 DPC. The neutralizing antibody titer (NT) to both genotypes of BVDV was higher (P <0.05) in calves of Group A. Previous to virus challenge calves in this group had NT of 1:125 (geometric mean) and 1:128 to BVDV-1 and -II, respectively. The NT rose to 1:2048 at 17 DPC to both Genotypes of BVDV. Calves in Group B had a NT of 1:16 to both BVDV-1 and -II previous to BVDV-2 challenge. At 17 DPC the NT rose to 1:64 and to 1:181 to BVDV-1 and -II, respectively. These results allow us to conclude that antibodies generated by natural infection or vaccination with BVDV-1 increased for BVDV-1 and -2 after the experimental challenge with BVDV-2.

Palabras clave : Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus; BVDV; Experimental Infection; Genotypes; Immunity; Killed Vaccine.

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