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Archivos de medicina veterinaria

versión impresa ISSN 0301-732X

Resumen

BELLO, CAO; DUMONT, CBS; BARRETO-VIANNA, ARC  y  LIMA, EMM. Exercise-induced cardiac fatigue in low handicap polo horses. Arch. med. vet. [online]. 2014, vol.46, n.3, pp.413-417. ISSN 0301-732X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0301-732X2014000300010.

Physical exercise leads to several changes in the cardiovascular system of horses and may induce abnormalities that are not observed at rest. Little is known about the cardiac effects of intense physical exercise performed by horses in polo competitions. This study aimed at identifying if exercise-induced cardiac fatigue is observed in healthy polo ponies. We examined 25 equine athletes before and after a training match. The results demonstrated post-exercise electrocardiographic alteration such as cardiac arrhythmia, QTc prolongation, abnormal T waves and ST-segment elevation. The post-exercise echocardiogram showed interventricular septum and left ventricle free wall thickness reduction, systolic volume decreased and ejection fraction decreased. These results suggest that polo causes exercise-induced cardiac fatigue. It was not possible to establish accurately the etiology of this abnormality, nor its long-term consequences.

Palabras clave : horse; exercise physiology; cardiac function.

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