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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

BRAVO J, Paulina et al. Clinical characteristics, epidemiology and risk factors of recurrent pneumonia in children. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2004, vol.75, n.5, pp.434-440. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062004000500004.

Background: Recurrent pneumonia has been defined as at least 2 episodes of pneumonia in one year or more than three during any period with radiographic clearing between episodes. Objectives: To determine the frequency of underlying factors for recurrent pneumonia of patients attending outpatients at the Catholic University Hospital between January 1992 and July 2003. Patients and Methods: A retrospective review of the clinical files of children diagnosed with recurrent pneumonia attending the Paedriatric Respiratory outpatient clinic. Results: 121 children fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for recurrent pneumonia. Most of them were unilobar. Underlying illnesses included asthma 16%, neurological disorder 15% and pulmonary aspiration syndrome 11%. In 21% of cases no underlying illness was found. Conclusions: The most common underlying condition for recurrent pneumonia were; asthma, hyper-bronchial responsiveness, neurological disorder and pulmonary aspiration syndrome. A follow-up study needs to be carried out to evaluate whether improved clinicalmanagement of these conditions could effectively lower the risk of a new episode of pneumonia

Palabras clave : recurrent pneumonia; children; risk factors.

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