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vol.84 número1Terremotos, solidaridad y movilización nacionalEstrés postraumático en escolares a 8 meses del 27F índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Revista chilena de pediatría

versão impressa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumo

COVA S, Félix et al. Post-traumatic stress disorder in young population after the natural disaster on February 27, 2010. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2013, vol.84, n.1, pp.32-41. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062013000100004.

Introduction: The post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the most frequent consequences of exposure to natural disasters, disabling both children and adults. Objectives: To describe prevalence of probable PTSD in children who experienced the disaster that occurred in southern Chile in February 2010. Methodology: The sample consisted of 1,300 participants aged 9-16 from the Bío Bío region. The study took place six months after the event occurred. The Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS) and a questionnaire to assess socio-demographic aspects and potential PTSD predictors were used. Results: The overall rate of probable PTSD was 30.4% in the young population of females and 15.0% in males. The most strongly linked factors to the presence of PTSD were deteriorating family relationships after the event and intense fear and life threatening experiences during the event. Conclusions: Results show the need for implementing preventive programs on young population affected by disasters that also include the response of the families involved.

Palavras-chave : Disasters; post-traumatic stress disorder; childhood; adolescence.

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