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Revista chilena de pediatría

versão impressa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumo

VIVIANI G, PAULA; SALAS A, CAMILA  e  ROQUE E, JORGE. Epstein Barr virus and acute liver failure: Role of steroids. Clinical case. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2013, vol.84, n.3, pp.313-317. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062013000300010.

Acute liver failure (ALF) due to Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) is rare in immunocompetent patients. The role of steroids in this case is not well defined and remains controversial. Case report: 7 years old female presenting with unspecific respiratory symptoms for 2 weeks, fever, lymphadenopathy, jaundice and dark brown urine. Total bilirubin: 9 and direct: 6.3, alkaline phosphatases: 523; AST: 7.527, ALT: 6.537; Prothrombin (PT): 17%, INR: 4.7; ammonium 510 and glucose 33. Abdominal ultrasound: normal liver and splenomegaly. Monotest Positive. She was transferred to a liver transplant centre (LT). Lab results at admission: PT 21%, bilirubin 9.8, AST 2717, ALT 3.716 and ammonium 177. EEG with diffuse and slowing conductivity consistent with encephalopathy. Positive IgM EBV, other aetiologies were ruled out. She was activated for LT due to ALF and while in waiting list methylprednisolone was administered for 5 days. She evolved with normalization of liver tests and clinical improvement. Conclusion: In this case the use of steroids was associated with a rapid and favourable clinical and laboratory response without negative side effects. As in other presentations of serious infection by EBV, should consider the use of steroids in ALF due to EBV.

Palavras-chave : Acute liver failure; Epstein Barr virus; steroids.

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