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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106


MUNOZ, Maribel; POO, Ana María; BAEZA, Bernardita  y  BUSTOS M, Luis. Mother-newborn relational risk: Study of prevalence and associated variables. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2015, vol.86, n.1, pp.25-31. ISSN 0370-4106.

Introduction: Clinical evidence reveals the importance of mother-newborn bonding experience for health promoting and maintenance of human life. If the newborn lacks care and affection, she/he may develop an attachment disorder. A predictive scale regarding the risk of mother-newborn relationships is available, which makes possible an early intervention to prevent the development of relational disorders. The aim of this study is to apply the Kimelman measurement scale to determine the relational risk in mother-newborn pairs, as well as the prevalence and the associated biopsychosocial variables. Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study with a probabilistic sample of 333 mother-infant pairs in postpartum maternity at Temuco hospital. The Kimelman mother-newborn attachment assessment guide was used. Biopsychosocial variables were obtained from the mothers studied. The association of biopsychosocial variables with relational risk was analyzed using OR and confidence intervals of 95%. Results: The prevalence of high relational risk was 43.8%. The associated biopsychosocial variables included, women with no steady partner, single parent, teenage mothers, unwanted and unplanned pregnancy. Conclusion: Almost half of the mothers were in the high risk group. Early identification of relational risk and its related variables could help in the intervention in this vulnerable group.

Palabras clave : Newborn; Postpartum; Attachment; Mother-newborn relationship.

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