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Revista chilena de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0370-4106

Abstract

MORALES V, Gonzalo. Limitation of the therapeutic effort in pediatric intensive care. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2015, vol.86, n.1, pp.56-60. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rchipe.2015.04.011.

Pediatric intensive care is a relatively new medical specialty, which has experienced significant technological advances in recent years. These developments have led to a prolongation of the dying process, with additional suffering for patients and their families, creating complex situations, and often causing a painful life extension. The term, limitation of the therapeutic effort refers to the adequacy and/or proportionality of the treatment, trying to avoid obstinacy and futility. The English literature does not talk about limitation of treatments, but instead the terms, withholding or withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment, are used. The removal or the non-installation of certain life support measures and the absence of CPR are the types of limitation most used. Also, there is evidence of insufficient medical training in bioethics, which is essential, as most doctors in the PICU discuss and make decisions regarding the end of life without the opinion of bioethicists. This article attempts to review the current status of knowledge concerning the limitation of therapeutic efforts to support pediatric clinical work.

Keywords : Bioethics; Limitation of Therapeutic Effort; Pediatrics.

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