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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

DONAIRE M, Roberto et al. Spirometry interpretation feasibility among pre-school children according to the European Respiratory Society and American Thoracic Society Guidelines. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2015, vol.86, n.2, pp.86-91. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rchipe.2015.04.018.

Introduction: Spirometry is the most used test to evaluate pulmonary function. Guidelines that defined acceptability and repeatability criteria for its implementation and interpretation among preschoolers were published in 2007. Our objective was to quantify the actual compliance with these criteria among pre-school patients. Methods: A review was performed on the baseline spirometry measured in patients aged 2 to 5 years in the Pediatric Respiratory Laboratory of the Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, who were admitted due to recurrent or persistent coughing or wheezing. Only those results obtained in patients who took the test for the first time were considered. They were analyzed by international standards. Results: A total of 93 spirometry results (mean age 57.4 ± 8.6 months, 48 males) were obtained, of which 44 (47%) met all acceptable criteria, 87 (93%) obtained expiratory time of ≥ 0.5 seconds, and 67 (72 %) of the patients had an end-expiratory flow of ≤ 10% from peak flow. The variation in the measurement of forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) was very low (intraclass correlation coefficient > 0.9). Conclusion: It was possible to meet the acceptability and repeatability criteria for spirometry among pre-school children in our Center, which was similar to previous reports. As in older children, this test is fully recommended for pre-school children who require lung function studies.

Palabras clave : Spirometry; Pre-School Children; Pulmonary Function Tests; Lung Function.

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