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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

ESPINOZA D, Gonzalo et al. Chronic granulomatous disease: three cases with different presentations. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2015, vol.86, n.2, pp.112-116. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rchipe.2015.04.022.

Introduction: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare form of primary immunodeficiency disease, characterized by an abnormal susceptibility to bacterial and fungal infections, and it is caused by a deficit in the phagocyte nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase complex (NADPH), resulting in    the inability to generate reactive oxygen species that destroy micro-organisms. The diagnosis is based on clinical characteristics and analysis of phagocytes, and later confirmed by molecular studies. Its management should consider antimicrobial prophylaxis, a search for infections and aggressive management of these. Objective: To describe three cases of CGD emphasizing their forms of presentation and to conduct a review of the condition. Case reports: Three case reports, two of them first cousins, are presented. Molecular diagnosis was reached in one of the cases. Recurrent infections, abscesses, adenitis, granulomas and complications are identified to facilitate the suspected diagnosis of CGD, bearing in mind the importance of early diagnosis and genetic counseling. Conclusions: EGC is a rare congenital primary immunodeficiency disorder, mostly with X-linked inheritance, autosomal recessive form, and a specific presentation form. Its diagnosis should be timely to avoid complications. Prophylaxis and aggressive treatment of infections should be performed, as well as genetic counseling.

Palabras clave : Abscesses; Adenitis; Chronic Granulomatous Disease; Granulomas; Recurrent Infections; Immunodeficiency.

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