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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

LOSADA M, María; RUBIO M, María; BLANCA G, Jose Antonio  y  PEREZ A, Cristina. Ingestion of caustic substances in children: 3 years of experience. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2015, vol.86, n.3, pp.189-193. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rchipe.2015.06.004.

Introduction: There is no clear consensus on the management of accidental ingestion of caustic substances in paediatrics. The aim of this study was to determine the profile of the paediatric population treated due to caustic ingestion in a Healthcare Centre. Patients and method: A descriptive study was conducted on patients treated for the ingestion of caustic substances in our hospital during the period 2008-2011. Results: A total of 12 patients were treated, with a mean age of 3.8 years (1-13 years), with the majority males (58.8%). An alkaline product was ingested by 58.3%, and an acid by 41.6%. The majority (58.3%) did not refer to symptoms and the remainder referred to vomiting (33.3%), odynophagia (16.6%), haematemesis (8.3%), hyper-salivation (8.3%) and shortness of breath (8.3%). Oral cavity lesions were observed in 75% of cases. All, except one, were accidental. An endoscopy was performed on all of them (100%) between 12 and 24 hours post-ingestion, with pathological findings in 41.6%. In the group that ingested an alkali, 2 (16.6%) patients had lesions, one a grade 2B and one a grade 3 oesophagitis. In the acid ingestion group, 4 (33.3%) patients had lesions; one grade 1-2A oesophagitis, two acute non-erosive gastritis, and one acute haemorrhagic gastritis. A follow-up endoscopy was performed depending on the previous endoscopic findings. Only two patients presented with complications. Conclusions: Emphasis is placed on the endoscopic evaluation in the first 24 hours of deliberate asymptomatic ingestions, as well as a strict follow-up in those that ingested acids, due to delayed associated lesions.

Palabras clave : Caustic Ingestion; Acid; Alkali; Oesophageal and gastric stenosis.

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