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Revista chilena de pediatría

versão impressa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumo

LE ROY, Catalina et al. Effect of supplementation with a single dose of vitamin D in children with cerebral palsy: Preliminary randomised controlled study. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2015, vol.86, n.6, pp.393-398. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rchipe.2015.07.015.

Introduction: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have an increased risk of vitamin D (VD) deficiency. Although there are many studies on VD and CP, there is limited information about VD supplementation in these patients. Objective: To evaluate the effect of supplementation with a single dose of VD on the plasma concentrations of 25-hydroxy-vitamin-D (25OHD) in children with CP. Patients and method: Prospective-randomised-controlled-trial, including 30 Chilean children (19 males) with CP, median age 9.9 years (6.2-13.5). Clinical and biochemical variables including 25OHD, were recorded (time 0 and 8 weeks). Patients were allocated to the supplemented (S) group receiving 100,000 IU oral D3 at baseline, and compared with the placebo (P) group. Results: Among clinical features are highlighted: gastrostomy (60%), underweight (30%), bedridden (93.3%), antiepileptic drugs (70%), and 43.3% used VD metabolism inducing antiepileptics. Baseline biochemical measurements were normal. The 25OHD was insufficient in 4/30 and deficient in 6/30. 25OHD levels were not associated with the variables studied. Eight patients completed the study in the S group, and 10 in P group. The placebo and supplementation groups had no significant difference in baseline variables. Serum calcium, phosphate, and alkaline phosphatase levels at 8 weeks were normal in both groups, with no statistically significant differences. 25OHD in the P group was normal in 6/10, and insufficient + deficient in 4/10, and the S group was normal in all (8/8) (exact Fisher test P = .07). Conclusions: A single dose of 100,000 IU VD could normalise the concentrations of 25OHD after 8 weeks of supplementation in Children with CP, but more studies are required to confirm these results.

Palavras-chave : Vitamin D; Supplementation; Cerebral palsy; Children.

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