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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

GONZALEZ STAGER, M. Angélica et al. Nutritional status of adolescents from a cohort of preterm children. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2016, vol.87, n.4, pp.268-273. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rchipe.2015.11.004.

Introduction: Catch-up growth in preterm-born children occurs in the first months of life, but in some cases, growth recovery takes place in adolescence. The objective of this study was to study the growth and development of preterm-born adolescents from a cohort of preterm infants born between 1995 and 1996, who resided in the cities of Chillán and San Carlos in the Biobío Region, Chile. The results were then compared with term-born adolescents. Subjects and method: A sample of 91 children from the cohort was studied and compared with 91 term-born adolescents matched for gender, age, and attendance at the same educational institution. The nutritional status was assessed by BMI-for-age, height-for-age, body composition by skinfold, cardiovascular risk due to blood pressure, and waist circumference. Results: There was 23.0% and 24.1% overweight and obesity in preterm-born and term-born adolescents, respectively, with 25.5% of preterm-born and small for gestational age adolescents vs. 14.5% of those born adequate for gestational age were overweight. Lower height was observed in 16.5% and 5.5% of the preterm-born and term-born adolescents, respectively, and with a higher proportion of girls (P < .04). Preterm-born adolescents had a more fat mass than the controls, particularly in the suprailiac skinfold. No significant differences were found in blood pressure and waist circumference. Conclusions: The results indicate that there is a group of preterm-born children who do not recover height during adolescence, especially girls.

Palabras clave : Preterm-born adolescents; Body composition; Cardiovascular disease; Growth of the preterm infant.

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