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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

RUBILAR, Carla et al. Clinical and genetic study patients with tuberous sclerosis complex. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2017, vol.88, n.1, pp.41-49. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rchipe.2016.08.003.

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a multisystem autosomal dominant disease caused by mutations in the tumor suppressor genes TSC1 or TSC2. Objective: To characterize clinically and genetically patients diagnosed with TSC. Patients and Method: Descriptive study of clinical records of 42 patients from a pediatric neuropsychiatry department diagnosed with TSC and genetic study in 21 of them. The exon 15 of TSC1 gene and exons 33, 36 and 37 of TSC2 gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced. The relationship between the mutations found with the severity and clinical course were analyzed. Results: In 61.9% of the patients the symptoms began before 6 months of age. The initial most frequent manifestations of TSC were new onset of seizures (73.8%) and the detection of cardiac rhabdomyomas (16.6%). During the evolution of the disease all patients had neurological involvement; 92.9% had epilepsy. All patients presented hypomelanotic spots, 47.6% facial angiofibromas, 23.8% Shagreen patch, 47.6 heart rhabdomyomas and 35.7% retinal hamartomas. In the genetic study of 21 patients two heterozygous pathogenic mutations in TSC1 and one in TSC2 genes were identified. The latter had a more severe clinical phenotype. Conclusions: Neurological and dermatological manifestations were the most frequent ones in patients with TSC. Two pathogenic mutations in TSC1 and one in TSC2 genes were identified. The patient with TSC2 mutation manifested a more severe clinical phenotype.

Palabras clave : TSC; SEGA; Epilepsy; Children; Tubers; Hamartoms.

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