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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

BELTRAN JOAN, Marcela et al. Spontaneous perforation of the bile duct in a neonate: An unexpected finding. Case report. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2017, vol.88, n.5, pp.656-661. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062017000500014.

Spontaneous extrahepatic bile duct perforation is rare in newborns. It is a surgical cause of jaundice in this period and the acute presentation is unusual. Objective: To report a case of spontaneous bile duct perforation in a newborn due to its serious complications if an early and timely diagnosis is not performed. Clinical case: A 10-day-old newborn who developed food rejection, fever and abdominal distension without jaundice, acolia, or coluria two days prior of admission. The laboratory tests showed leukopenia, thrombocytosis, increased C-reactive protein, and normal hepatic function. The abdominal x-ray showed pneumoperitoneum, and the diagnosis of necrotizing enterocolitis was made. Laparotomy was performed; extrahepatic bile duct perforation and biliary peritonitis were noted. Intraoperative cholangiography demonstrated rescatable proximal bile duct and dilated cystic duct. Hepatic-jejunostomy was performed with Roux-en-Y and cholecystectomy. In the postoperative study portal thrombosis was found, so he received anticoagulant treatment. At 8 months of age, the patient had enteral feeding tolerance and adequate weight gain. Conclusions: Biliary perforation is a rare entity and more in the neonatal period, a condition that makes it a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The prognosis will depend on early intervention and intraoperative findings.

Palabras clave : Spontaneous perforation of the bile duct; bile peritonitis; newborns.

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