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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

MCINTYRE, Ana M.; LINDEMAN, Christina  y  BERNALES, Margarita. Barriers and Facilitators perceived by the health team for the implementation of pre and post ductal saturometry as a method of detection of congenital heart diseases in newborns, prior to discharge. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2018, vol.89, n.4, pp.441-447. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062018005000405.

Objective:

To describe the main barriers and facilitators perceived by the health care workers for the implementation of Pre- and Post-Ductal Oxygen Saturation (SPPD) as a detection method of Con genital Heart Disease in newborns, prior to hospital discharge.

Material and Method:

From a cons tructivist research paradigm, a case study was carried out in three public hospitals in the Metropoli tan Region, Chile, two of them are high-complexity hospitals. The first one, the NEW Hospital, has recently started its activity, and the second one, the OLD Hospital, has been operating for many years. The third one, the RURAL Hospital, is a low-complexity institution, located near Santiago. Data were collected through individual semi-structured interviews and focus groups to Nursing Technicians (TENS), Midwives and Physicians. The interviews were recorded and transcribed. Thematic content analysis is performed using the NVivo11 qualitative software. The investigation was approved by the Ethics Committee recognized by the hospitals involved.

Results:

In the NEW Hospital, where the SPPD was implemented more than a year ago, barriers are detected at execution level, especially in oximeter inputs and on weekends. In the OLD Hospital and the RURAL Hospital, in which the SPPD was not implemented, the main perceived barriers are concentrated in insufficient knowledge about their usefulness, economic aspects, work overload, and organizational aspects. In the NEW Hospital, the main facilitators for the application of SPPD were its simplicity, economy, and the fact that it is an important contribution to the safety of newborns discharged.

Conclusion:

The disposition regar ding the practice of PPDS as a screening, varies in the 3 hospitals explored. To achieve this goal it is recommended to overcome organizational, management and economic barriers. Although there is a need to train the personnel in charge of screening, there is good disposition given the importance for the health of the RN. The flow of referral after screening for positive SPPD is quite clear.

Palabras clave : Congenital Heart Diseases; Pre and Post Ductal Oxygen Saturation; Neonatal Screening of Congenital Heart Diseases; Newborns.

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