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Revista chilena de historia natural

Print version ISSN 0716-078X

Abstract

ALVIAL, INGRID E et al. Diatoms community structure in superficial sediments of eight Andean lakes of central Chile. Rev. chil. hist. nat. [online]. 2008, vol.81, n.1, pp.83-94. ISSN 0716-078X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-078X2008000100007.

In this research the taxonomic structure of diatoms in sediments of high mountain lakes was studied. These lakes are located in Chile between 32°49' and 38°48' S in the Andean Cordillera. A total of 99 diatom taxa distributed in 48 genera were identified and all this taxa are cosmopolitan excepting a Eunotia andinofrequens, Gomphonema punae, Pinnularia araucanensis and Pinnularia acidicola, which are know only for the Southern Hemisphere. The assemblages of diatoms were different in the studied lakes. So the high mountain lakes Ocho, Huifa, Ensueño and Negra, dominated benthic diatoms which are typical of oligotrophic and acid waters as Achnanthidium exiguum, Achnanthidium minutissimum, Encyonema minutum, Pinnularia acidicola and Planothidium lanceolatum. In the assemblages from lakes Galletué, Icalma and Laja planktonic diatoms were more abundant, which are common in alkaline and mesotrophic waters, e.g., Asterionella formosa, Aulacoseira distans, Aulacoseira granulata, Cyclotella stelligera and Rhopalodia gibba

Keywords : species composition; Bacillariophyceae; superficial sediment; Andean lake; Chile.

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