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Revista chilena de historia natural

Print version ISSN 0716-078X

Abstract

JORQUERA-JARAMILLO, CARMEN et al. Biodiversity conservation in Chile: New challenges and opportunities in terrestrial and marine coastal ecosystems. Rev. chil. hist. nat. [online]. 2012, vol.85, n.3, pp.267-280. ISSN 0716-078X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-078X2012000300002.

Biodiversity loss caused by population growth, the demand of resources and productive activities is inconsistent with the recognition of its importance. In terrestrial ecosystems, the National State System of Protected Areas (SNASPE) contains about 19 % of continental Chile. Although it does not represent all the ecosystems with endangered species, it can be supplemented by implementing new public and private protected areas (PA and PPP, respectively). The development of Marine Protected Areas (AMP) is emerging, and some strategies share conservation responsibility with local stakeholders. In Chile, a set of regulations, laws and international treaties promote different conservation opportunities in land and marine coastal ecosystems. Some of the derived challenges involve standardizing the classification of species in conservation categories according to an international Protocol and optimizing the methodologies for selecting priority conservation areas; both criteria are essential for decision-making in biodiversity conservation. Another challenge is integrating the intrinsic value of biodiversity and the ecosystem services provided for promoting a participatory culture. This would improve the effectiveness of different strategies for the protection and sustainable use of biodiversity, involving education and citizen participation from a bio-cultural perspective. Education promotes nature conservation, as people become aware of their environment. Since participation involves citizens as actors in decision-making, it promotes the effective implementation of strategies for the conservation of biodiversity.

Keywords : citizen participation; marine protected areas; private conservation; protected wildlife areas.

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