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Revista chilena de historia natural

versión impresa ISSN 0716-078X

Resumen

LEON, Carolina A  y  OLIVAN, Gisela. Recent rates of carbon and nitrogen accumulation in peatlands of Isla Grande de Chiloé-Chile. Rev. chil. hist. nat. [online]. 2014, vol.87, pp.1-7. ISSN 0716-078X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/S40693-014-0026-Y.

BACKGROUND: Peatlands play a key role in the global carbon cycle; these contain one third of the world's soil organic carbon, equivalent to more than half the amount of carbon in the atmosphere. Nevertheless, these ecosystems have been scarcely studied in southern South America. The main objective of this paper is to evaluate the recent accumulation rates of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) in two kinds of oligotrofic peatlands in Isla Grande de Chiloé (Chile). RESULTS: Using peat C and N content, dry bulk density, and Pb-210 dating, we determined the rates of N and C accumulation in profiles from five peatlands in the northern Chilean Patagonia. The recent rate of C accumulation (RERCA) ranges from 8.5 to 87.06 g C m-2 year-1, and the recent rate of N accumulation (RERNA) ranges from 0.15 to 2.37 g N m-2 year-1. The difference in RERCA and RERNA between glacial peatlands and anthropogenic peatlands was significant. One of the remarkable results is that accumulation of N and C are directly related. CONCLUSIONS: This study contributes for a better understanding of the Patagonian peatlands of Chile. In addition, this research contributes by setting a basis for conducting further studies and for assessing the impacts of climate change on peatlands.

Palabras clave : Carbon accumulation; Nitrogen accumulation; Northern Patagonia; Oligotrophic peatlands; Pb-210.

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