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Revista chilena de infectología

versão impressa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumo

SILVA, Juan et al. Detection of virulence genes in aminoglycoside susceptible and resistant Enterococcus faecalis. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2013, vol.30, n.1, pp.17-22. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182013000100003.

Background: Enterococcus spp. is an important cause of nosocomial infections A number of virulence factors that may enhance its ability to colonize have been described. Enterococcus is capable of acquiring resistance genes, including high-level resistance (HLR) to aminoglycoside antibiotics. Aim: to investigate the prevalence of genes encoding virulence factors in aminoglycosides susceptible and resistant E. faecalis. Materials and Methods: A total of 80 E. faecalis isolates from clinical (n: 52) and poultry samples (n: 28) were included in this study. Bacterial identification was performed by biochemical tests and phenotypificationwas done using the Phene-PlateTM system. Susceptibility to different antimicrobial agents was determined by the agar dilution method. Virulence genes aceI, agg, gelE and efaA were detected by multiplex PCR. Results: All isolates were susceptible to vancomycin and ampicillin. HLR to gentamicin (13.5%) and streptomycin (9.6%) was detected only in clinical isolates. The phenotyping revealed a great diversity of PhP-types, but only one clone with 7 strains of similar characteristics was found. The efaA gen was detected in 100% of the isolates. aceI gene was present in 94.2% and 75%, agg gene in 73.1%, and 67.9%, and gelE gene in 57.5% and 28.6% of the clinical and chicken isolates, respectively. Only 6 strains with HLR to aminoglycosides, belonging to the same phenotype, had the aceI, agg, gelE and efaA genes. Conclusions: E. faecalis with virulence genes and HLR to aminoglycosides were isolated from clinical and chicken samples in Antofagasta. More studies will be necessary to establish an association.

Palavras-chave : High levels of resistance; virulence genes; antibiotics; aminoglycosides; Enterococcus.

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