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Revista chilena de infectología

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VIEIRA, Matías. Struggle against infectious diseases in children in the Magallanes Region: Death, passion and life (Part I). Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2013, vol.30, n.6, pp.683-689. ISSN 0716-1018.

Historical background of infectious diseases of children in the Region of Magallanes is reviewed, with special emphasis on their impact on infant mortality. For purposes of publication, the research is divided into two parts. In this first one, we present a brief relation of the facts that led to the death of almost all of the Spanish colonizers of the Strait of Magellan, including children (1584-1590); following, a description of the available data on infectious diseases affecting Patagonian Indians before contact with white man. Finally we describe the health situation in Punta Arenas, from the foundation of Bulnes Fort until the end of the 19th century.

Keywords : Patagonia; Magallanes Region; history; childhood infectious diseases; Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa; Patagonian Indians; history of Punta Arenas.

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