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Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

FUENTES, Marisol et al. Antifungal activity of melanin in clinical isolates of Candida spp. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2014, vol.31, n.1, pp.28-33. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182014000100004.

Background: Melanocytes are cells located in epidermis and mucous membranes that synthesize melanin and cytokines. It is known that melanin has antimicrobial activity and that melanocytes are melanized in presence of microbial molecules. Objective: To study the antifungal activity of melanin on Candida spp. Methodology: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) to melanin was determined in 4 Candida ATCC strains (C. albicans SC5314, C. parapsilosis 22019, C. glabrata 2001, C. krusei 6258) and 56 clinical isolates of Candida spp. (33 C. albicans, 12 C. glabrata, 3 C. famata, 3 C. krusei, 3 C. parapsilosis, 2 C. tropicalis) using a broth microdilution method. In addition, the antifungal activity of melanocytes and mice melanoma cells was tested against C. albicans. Results: Melanin inhibited the tested isolates, including the susceptible dose-dependent and fluconazole-resistant strains; MIC range and MIC50 were 0.09-50 μg/mL and 6.25 μg/mL, respectively. Pigmented cells lysates inhibited C. albicans. Conclusions: Melanin is able to inhibit clinical isolates of Candida spp. Melanization could be an important protective mechanism of melanocytes.

Palabras clave : Melanin; melanocyte; antifungal activity; Candida spp.

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