SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.32 número1Impacto de la infección nosocomial en un hospital de Bogotá (Colombia): efectos en mortalidad y costosDemodex spp en pacientes con blefaritis crónica índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


Revista chilena de infectología

versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018

Resumen

VILLASECA, Rodrigo et al. Vaginal infections in a Family Health Clinic in the Metropolitan Region, Chile. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.1, pp.30-36. ISSN 0716-1018.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182015000200005.

Background: Vaginal infections are a frequent cause for consultation, but their prevalence and etiology vary in different populations. Objectives: To determine the prevalence and etiologies of vaginal infection in women attending a family health center in the Metropolitan Region of Chile. Methods: The microbiological diagnosis was made by wet mount and Gram stain. Diagnosis of trichomoniasis was performed by wet mount, culture and polymerase chain reaction. Results: 101 women aged 15-54, not selected by signs or symptoms of vaginal infection, 46 of them pregnant were included. In 47 women (46.5%), vaginal infections were diagnosed. An association was observed between age and frequency of vaginal infection. The proportion of infections among pregnant and non-pregnant women was similar. The most frequent infections were bacterial vaginosis (16.8%), vulvovaginal candidiasis (11.9%) and co-infections (6.9%). We found 5.9% of intermediate microbiota cases, 3% of trichomoniasis and 2% of aerobic vaginitis. Symptoms of vaginal infection had poor agreement with microbiological findings. Otherwise physical signs had good agreement with the presence of infection, but low to moderate concordance with a specific etiology. Conclusions: We found a high prevalence of vaginal infections in the study population. It is necessary to improve the definitions and criteria of microbiological diagnosis of co-infections and intermediate microbiota, for them to be diagnosed in the clinical practice. More descriptive questionnaires are recommended to enhance the usefulness of clinical examination.

Palabras clave : Vaginal infections; vaginal microbiota; bacterial vaginosis; etiology; prevalence.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons